The creation of the National Landfill Fund (NLF) can be voted on this fall in the final decision by the Committee on Economic Affairs. Senate Bill 207/2012, Senator Eunício Oliveira provides funds for the construction of landfills, which will be selected in accordance with the objectives and goals established by the National Solid Waste Plan.
The proposal has already been approved by the Committees on Environment, Consumer Protection and Inspection and Control and Social Affairs.
The text will be covered by the new expenses of the feasibility and environmental impact technical study fund, as well as the acquisition of land. Municipal concessionaires must offer a mandatory return of at least 30% of the value of the project.
In the justification of the initiative, Eunício Oliveira says that “Brazil still designed much of the waste incorrectly.” Although landfills have been reduced from 88% to 51% and landfills have reached almost 28% of waste disposal units, the objective of the current solid waste policy in the country is completely eliminated. Landfills, as the parliamentarian noted.
The rapporteur in the CAE, Senator Jose Hélio, quoted data from the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA), according to which 59.6% of municipalities do not have the appropriate tools for eliminating the environment Of solid waste.
The complete elimination of landfills was a goal established in August 2014 in Law 12,305 / 2010, which established the National Policy on Solid Waste. On July 1, 2015, the Senate approved the PLS 425/2014, extending the deadline for environmentally appropriate final disposal of this type of waste. These dates vary from July 31, 2018 to July 31, 2021, according to the size of the municipality.
This proposal was forwarded to the House of Representatives, where it is being prosecuted as Bill 2,289 / 2015 and waits for the creation of a temporary committee by the House Bureau. The bill also states that the Union will issue additional rules to define priorities for access to federal funding criteria to implement final disposal actions for solid waste.