Brazilian society has been officially called upon to help the country meet the targets committed to under the Paris Agreement on climate change. Environment Minister Sarney Filho has officially announced the opening of the so-called “structural dialogues” with stakeholders involved in the challenge of curbing increases in global average temperatures. Social engagement is part of the commitment announced by Sarney Filho during last year’s Climate Summit in Marrakech.
The goal is to include every sector, from industry to agriculture, in the debate that will define the measures Brazil will take to cut emissions and consequently, mitigate global warming. The expectation is that the dialogues will lead to consolidated proposals by October, which will then be considered during the preparation of the National Strategy for Implementation and Financing of Brazil’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement. Other stakeholders also have until 30 June to send their contributions for the final document to be drafted.
Brazil’s contribution targets are considered to be one of the most significant worldwide, precisely because they involve the whole of the country’s economy. “With our national efforts, we will show that the Paris Agreement is viable, and that the process of combating climate change is irreversible,” said the Minister. Sarney Filho added that social engagement will be essential to maintain Brazil’s leadership in the climate agenda. “We have reached a point of no return,” he said.
Measures targeting the land use sector were highlighted as advances for the country. José Santo Campari, an adviser at the Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply who represented Minister Blairo Maggi at the official event held to launch the structural dialogues, mentioned his Ministry’s Low-Carbon Agriculture (or the ABC Plan, as it is known in Portuguese) as an example of an initiative that defines sustainable actions for the sector. “We already have the roadmap,” he assessed. “Brazil is, today, in a position of consensus building.”
The dialogues are being coordinated by the Brazilian Climate Change Forum (FBMC), with each meeting focusing on one of its Thematic Chambers. The first one will be centered around Forests, Biodiversity, Agriculture and Livestock, sectors in which Brazil has reached its best results in combating global warming. “These are the sectors in which Brazil has already managed to cut emissions more intensely, and for which we can do even more,” explained the FBMC Deputy Chairperson, Alfredo Sirkir.
The FBMC designed the programme of dialogues to encompass all necessary topics. Other meetings will be held throughout the year to discuss themes such as energy generation, mobility and transport, industry and cities, waste, financing, national defence and technology and innovation.
Amazon region residents will also be a point of highlight. Defined as a priority for Minister Filho, traditional populations are guaranteed to have a place in the process . During the meeting, the president of the Rio Negro Sustainable Development Reserve (RDS) Resident Association, Sebastião Mendonça, highlighted the role of extractivist populations on keeping our forests standing. “We must build a path that values social organisation,” he defended.
The Nationally Defined Contributions are the targets each country pledged to achieve as a result of their efforts to combat climate change under the Paris Agreement. The global effort is aimed at keeping average global temperature increases below 2 ºC compared with pre-industrial levels and ensure efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 ºC.
Considered one of the most ambitious, the Brazilian target is to reduce carbon emissions by 37% by 2025, with an indicative target of cutting emissions by 43% by 2030 – both compared to 2005 levels. For that end, the country is proposing (among other measures) to restore and reforest 12 million hectares of forestland and achieve an estimated share of 45% of renewables in its energy mix. (Source: Presidency of the Republic)