Temer has been on the ropes since allegations that he tried to pay hush money to a jailed politician. The protesters want President Michel Temer, who was placed under investigation last week on corruption charges, to resign.
Troops were deployed to protect Brazilian government buildings in the capital Brasilia on Wednesday after protesters demanding the removal of President Michel Temer fought riot police. RFI takes a look at the political situation of the country.
The demonstration was organised by left-wing groups and trade unions, who were also protesting against austerity measures. Violence erupted after the crowd, estimated by police at around 35,000 people, marched towards the presidential palace.
Although most of the protesters were peaceful, small groups wearing masks threw stones at police officers and smashed their way into the agriculture ministry.
This led to he government to deploy soldiers in the capital, which sent a psychological shockwave through Brazil, which was tuled by a military dictatorship in the 1980s.
Brazil has been stuck in deep recession for the last two years and also in a state of political instability.
“There have been people coming in from all over the country,” says Tom Long, a lecturer in international relations at Britain’s University of Reading. “A lot of this is probably organic, some of it is supported by opposition parties, but the Fuera Temer [Temer out!] movement has gained such strengh over the last year, so I think a lot of this protest should be seen as happening organically.”
For now the president is trying to shore up his congressional alliance to resist calls for his impeachment. He claims to have done nothing wrong and says he will not resign.
But intense negotiations are going on behind the scenes, analysts say, to find the least traumatic way possible for Temer to be eased out. Replacement names are already mentioned, as the minister of economy, Henrique Meirelles.
“I don’t think he will stay,” says Sonia Fleury, a political analyst at thinktank FGV. “His situation is very fragile because he has no real support from his coalition. They are trying to find a solution that will gather different political forces and that’s not easy.”
For now the only certain thing is that there will be more protests in the coming days and weeks.