Lawsuits in the Judicial System, creation of a foundation, recovery plans questioned by experts and indemnifications questioned by victims and governmental authorities mark the reconstruction of the city of Mariana, in the state of Minas Gerais.
Twenty months after the Samarco dam ruptured in a tsunami of mud that flowed 650 km and killed 19 people, company operations are still halted and 21 people have been held responsible and charged with crimes.
The mining company has paid indemnifications of R$ 25 million (US$ 7.6 million). Of this amount, R$4 million (US$ 1.2 million) went to the families of the victims, who have been receiving a minimum salary per month to compensate for the source of their lost income.
Those that lost their homes have received between R$ 10,000 and R$ 20,000 (US$ 3,030 and US$ 6,060).
The number of people affected by the loss of water, however, exceeds 150,000. The amount paid out in this case, is around R$ 1,000 (US$ 303) per person.
For the manager of the foundation created by Samarco, “the Rio Doce basin will end up being better than it was before”.
Brazilian Institute of Environment (IBAMA), Greenpeace and victims of the tragedy, however, say that little has been done