Canadian entrepreneurs knew that RENCA (National Reserve of Copper and Associates), located in the states of Pará and Amapá, would be extinct five months before the official announcement. The entrepreneurs learned of the change during the PDAC event (Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada) held in Toronto in March 2017. The information is from BBC Brazil.
After presenting the extinction of RENCA for the Canadians, the government also presented a package of reformulation measures in the Brazilian mineral sector. These were transformed into provisional measures on July 25. The first of the three measures, number 790, alters the Mining Code (decree-law 227/1967). The second, number 791, creates the National Mining Agency and extinguishes the National Production Department and Law 6,567 / 1978, which talks about special regime for exploitation and exploitation of mineral substances.
Finally, the last measure of the package, number 789, modifies two Brazilian laws (7,990 / 1989 and 8,001 / 1990) to dispose of the Financial Compensation for the Exploration of Mineral Resources. The package was titled Program of Revitalization of the Brazilian Mineral Industry.
Canada is a major explorer of mineral resources in Brazil and interest in the country’s reserves has grown. According to the Ministry of Mines and Energy, this was the first time that a minister of pasta participated in the event, with the aim of improving Brazilian legislation and encouraging investments in Brazilian soil.
Today, there are about 30 Canadian companies that exploit the minerals of Brazil, with gold being the main one. The Brazil-Canada Chamber of Commerce, which brings together representatives of Canadian companies operating in Brazilian territory, reported on the creation of a new Mining Commission two months ago.
The decision to extinguish the space was published in the Official Gazette of the Union last Wednesday, August 23. The press office of President Michel Temer states, in a note, that the area is a mineral reserve, that is, “no environmental reserve in the Amazon was touched by the measure.” The Minister of Mines and Energy, Fernando Coelho Filho, said that the decree aims to “inhibit and inhibit illegal activities.”
In the video posted on social networks, the minister says that there are more than 28 clandestine airstrips and that there are more than a thousand garimpeiros working illegally in RENCA, without respecting the Forest Laws.
Amazon culture clash
According to the WWF report, the main area of interest for copper and gold exploration is in one of the protected areas, the Biological Reserve of Maicuru.
There is also said to be gold in the Para State forest, which lies within the area.
The WWF says there is potential for conflict too in two indigenous reserves that are home to various ethnic communities living in relative isolation.
WWF’s report said that a “gold rush in the region could create irreversible damage to these cultures”.
“If the government insisted on opening up these areas for mining without discussing environmental safeguards it will have to deal with an international outcry.”