September 6, 2017 | Author: Gabriel Mario Rodrigues
Gabriel Mario Rodrigues
Chairman of the Board of Directors of ABMES – The Brazilian Association of Private Institutions of Higher Education
“If the world is unique and made to live in it, who is behind this extraordinary creation: us or our brains? Our brains not only interpret the world but creates it. Everything we see, touch, taste and smell would not be learned without the brain. But there is one detail: it’s us. Hence the importance of creativity.” (Deepak Chopra) .
Thanks for The Delay is a spectacular book I’m reading, from Thomas. L. Friedmam – Editora Objetiva, which deals with the future of economics, technology and ecology. The author makes it clear that, because of all these changes, we will need to teach our children, young people and everyone who wants to learn in order to meet the challenges of the new times. The speed of change is exponential, as Gordon More, co-founder of Intel, reminds us. He said in 1975 that the data processing capacity, due to the increased power of the microchips, would double each year (later corrected to two years).
To illustrate, he tells the story of the sovereign who wished to reward the inventor of the game of chess saying that he would give him the greatest treasures he desired. The inventor soon said he wanted just enough rice to feed his family. Since a promise is a debt, said the king, tell me what amount you want. Then the young man asked the king to put a grain of rice in the first square of the board, two in the second, four in the third, sixteen in the fourth, and so on. The king agreed and was surprised that, by doubling successively 63 times, the result of this play gave something about 18 quintillions of grains of rice. In didactic terms, this is the force of exponentiality, which is what is happening today in the world and which changes the way we live, think, relate and interact.
For this reason, I introduce for reflection aspects presented during a three-day event on the future of business, technology and humanity that was held between August 13 and 15 in San Francisco, California – the Singularity University Global Summit 2017. The synthesis was sent by Rafael Priklandnicki, representative of Tecnopuc (Scientific and Technological Park of PUCRS).
Summary of the first day:
- There were 1,600 participants from around the world. 70% were foreigners. The largest delegation was from Brazil.
- In 2030, a thousand dollars will buy computational power equivalent to the human brain. By 2050, a thousand dollars will buy computing power equivalent to all human brains together.
- In 2010, 1.8 billion people were connected to the Internet. In 2017, they are 3 bi. Between 2022 and 2025, it will be the whole world. With more connections, more opportunities, more geniuses.
- The next two decades will be different from anything we have experienced in the last hundred years.
- We can predict jobs that will be absorbed by technology, but we cannot predict which jobs will emerge from the technology. The difficulty is the speed with which this is happening.
- 130 million people in the world are satisfied with their work. It sounds like a lot, but in world terms it’s nothing.
- Electric vehicles with 90% less moving parts than the current ones.
- In China, all taxis will be electric by 2020.
- The cost of an electric car will reduce dramatically in the next 5 years. Reasons: Demand and abundance.
- Forget the wearables. We are entering the era of the “insideables”.
Summary of the second day:
- Human life is a software engineering problem.
- The tools of our time: big data and machine learning.
- 3 billion people live on less than $2.5 a day. 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day.
- 90% of nurses who use IBM’s Watson digital health assistant follow the program’s recommendations.
- Automation and artificial intelligence will create jobs. I can make anything intelligent using artificial intelligence and make money from it. The United States is the most automated country in the world and has not lost jobs with it.
- In the future, we will have many more machines than humans.
- We taught the same way a hundred years ago. The educational system is resistant to disruptive change. How about “just in time education?”
- Our premises on the world can limit our thinking. And that makes all the difference.
- Organizations do not change until all people change.
- Exponential leaders do not try to change the world. They try to change themselves.
Summary of the third and last day:
- By 2020, 85% of customer interactions will be through machines. And that will be one of the ways to differentiate yourself from competitors.
- 75% of millennials consider communicating through text messaging a customer relationship option and are twice as likely to stay loyal to companies that offer this form of communication with them.
- 30% of millennials do not have the phone icon on the main screen of their smartphones.
- Companies already produce chicken and cattle meat without killing any animal, only from the animal cell.
- 20% of all searches on mobile devices are already done by voice.
- Vehicles and autonomous objects will change cities deeply.
- Creativity, empathy and courage are the skills of the future.
- The educational institutions that exist today, for the most part, were created with assumptions from 60 years ago. High school is the key to changing the entire education system.
- The main problem of education is cultural. A hundred years ago it’s the same. Many speak of customizing teaching for children, but the key is to customize teaching for teachers as well. One by one. Until the change occurs.
- The future of education is learning by doing.
- Let’s change the logic of “selling cars” to “selling mobility services”.
- The world today is making the transition from the industrial to digital era in the same way that it did from the agricultural to industrial years. But MUCH faster.
- There are 2.6 billion smartphones in the world. And 9 times more data only in the last two years.
- People will learn within a logic of “nano-learning,” not a long-term investment in education to use only a minimal percentage of what they learn. Everyone will have a portfolio of work that will be nano-developed.
- The biggest problems in the world are also the biggest business opportunities.
- Robots will be considered a workforce option, just as today we consider employees, outsourcers and freelancers. That simple.
- Being exponential is updating and updating everything constantly.
- Silicon Valley has one word to describe failure – it’s called “experience.”
- Today there is plenty of capital, knowledge, skills and technology. There is no excuse for not doing things. There are no limits. The only limitation is our conviction and the commitment to simply go and do it.
- In a few years, everyone will work to learn, rather than learn to work.
It is an avalanche of information that is changing everything and will radically transform our activity. Those who live will see.