With the credibility of the ruined political class, the president with minimal approval and the economy engaging in a slow recovery, in Brazil, a “military intervention” – lately, add the word “constitutional”. Despite what Brazil lived from 1964 to 1985, the idea is being publicly debated. The friendly ones to the proposal are in the streets and, mainly, in the social networks.
Most recently, the issue gained ground when General Antonio Hamilton Mourao, the secretary of economy and finance of the Army, said at a conference promoted by a group of Freemasonry in Brasilia that his “comrades of the Army High Command” military “can be required to Legal Power” if the politicians does not solve the political problem “. The reference was about the large number of political representatives involved in corruption scandals. Without specifying, the general also said that the Army would already have “very well made plans” about the initiative.
Who is dedicated to studying the Constitution is categorical: “constitutional military intervention this doesn’t exist”. That’s just a euphemism for a military putsch. The law is clear on the subordination of the tasks of the Armed Forces to the president of the Republic. In addition to the absence of legal provision, attempting to “intervene” can be considered a crime, with up to 15 years imprisonment, according to the National Security Law. The same law establishes, in article 22, detention of one to four years for anyone who makes propaganda of “illegal processes for the alteration of the political order”.
For that reason, the manifestation of the army commander, General Eduardo Villas Boas, over General Mourão’s declarations was uncomfortable. The commander said that he talked to him “to put things in place, but punishment, no.” In the other, he referred to the general as “a great soldier, a great person, a big Gaucho, referring to Rio Grande do Sul state “.
In the last week, it was General Luiz Eduardo Rocha Paiva’s turn to say, in an article published in the newspaper Estado de Sao Paulo, that “military intervention” would be “legitimate” if political, economic chaos and social reaches extreme levels. In an editorial, the newspaper criticized the reasoning and stressed that overcoming the crisis depends on (good) political activity.
“The only legitimate military intervention is that of maintaining law and order, as provided for in Article 142 of the Constitution.” It is often said that the intervention is legitimate to escape the aspect of antijuridicidad “, clarifies the doctor in Rights and Fundamental Guarantees by the FDV, Claudio Colnago.