In 2016, the resident population was estimated at 205.5 million persons and 42% of it was in the Southeast. Men comprised 48.5% of the population and women, 51.5%. Between 2012 and 2016, the elderly population – those aged 60 years and over – increased 16.0%, reaching 29.6 million persons. The parcel of children up to 9 years of age in the population decreased from 14.1% to 12.9% in this period.
Between 2012 and 2016, the population that declared itself as white was reduced by 1.8%, adding up to 90.9 million persons, whereas the number of black persons grew 14.9% and that of brown persons, 6.6%, reaching 16.8 million and 95.9 million, respectively. In 2016, 76.8% of the population declared themselves as white, 18.7%, brown and 3.8%, black in the South Region. On the other hand, 72.3% of the population declared themselves as brown, 19.5%, white and 7.0%, black in the North Region.
69.2 million housing units were registered in Brazil in 2016, from which 86.0% were houses (59.6 million). 97.2% (67.3 million) of the housing units had running water. Among them, 87.3% received water daily from the water network. In the Northeast, 66.6% of the housing units with running water received it daily, whereas this percentage reached 98.1% in the South. The percentage of housing units connected to a sewage collection network – or that had a septic tank connected to it – was 65.9% (or 45.6 million housing units). In 2016, 82.6% (or 57.2 million) housing units had their garbage collected daily by a waste collection service.
Television was present in 97.4% of the housing units and refrigerator, in 98.1%.
Present in 63.0% of the housing units in Brazil, cleaning machines were the durable good that registered the highest percentage differences between the regions, varying from 33.5% in the Northeastern housing units to 83.3% in the South.
In 92.3% of the housing units, at least one resident owned a mobile telephone, while the traditional landline telephone was found in only 34.5% of them. 63.6% of the housing units accessed the Internet. In 60.3% of the housing units, the access was through a mobile telephone. The North Region had the lowest percentage of housing units accessing the Internet through microcomputers (20.9%) and the Northeast reported the lowest percentage of housing units accessing the Internet through mobile telephones (48.0%).