Gabriel Mario Rodrigues Chairman of the Board of Directors of ABMES
“The country is getting older, the demographic top is getting fat. We are preparing young people with very low level of learning. We could not even handle the 20th century and now there is a new 21st century work cycle with high skills requirements and dynamic knowledge “(Mozart Neves Ramos – director of the Ayrton Senna Institute)
For some time now we have read and heard a popular expression, intensely used by social analysts, psychologists, behaviorists, pedagogues and sociologists, pointing to the don’t-don’t, those who don’t work and don’t study (situation aggravated by those who do not seek employment, do not have family, have no project of life …). They have been joined by the young people (sometimes not so much) who use cell phones and social networks with no limits, and often with no any idea of the consequences. For them, social networks are everything in life, so they access them daily. They abuse Instagram and Facebook, YouTube, and even more WhatsApp. After all, are they what they are or are they who they seem to be? Orkut has turned to dust, showing how ephemeral these media are.
Many of them do not work or study, and without conditions or attributes, that they do not seem to need, do not have a life project, do not care about the future and do not even have a job portfolio.
The no-no, but especially the don’t-don’t, are a real time bomb, because to all the negative factors listed, bad companies are often added, drug use, invitation to organized crime, and unstructured families. To explode, a spark is enough on the fuse.
If we add to this cauldron the dis-demotivated and dis-prepared-our tragedy is complete.
Nina Finco describes them in the excellent cover story of the magazine Época de Maio, “The Bubble of the Ultra-Young”(or Generation Y). She draws from a Box 1824 study, conducted by researchers Sean Monahan and Sophie Secaf, in the United States: “They become characters in their own lives who are preoccupied with narratives, contexts, and motives. They are always waiting for the third act – which never comes. ”
It is GenExit, the generation that has opted to experiment with new identity possibilities, freer and less deterministic, but no less disruptive. These youngsters are so fond of smartphones that they would not show up for any meeting where they could not have them because smartphones are forbidden.
They suffer from nomophobia (the term in English in the mobile-phone phobia): the phobia of being without the cell phone.
Despair hits when they lose the device, when the battery runs out, or when they are out of network coverage. That is, it is like any other addiction, a compulsive behavior. It is unfortunate that these young people have educational and professional expectations that are increasingly unrealistic for themselves.
What is frightening, apart from the “disenchantment” of this youth, is knowing that they are part of the “age of distraction” and of those with “attention deficit”. Both phenomena increasingly reduce the ability to concentrate, all indicating as a result the lack of idle time. These digital natives never get angry because they are under constant stimulus, not always positively and productively.
In Brazil, Unicef brings staggering data: we have 32 million poor children and young people. That’s right, for UNICEF, 6 out of 10 young people under the age of 18 are poor, do not have enough income for basic food basket and/or suffer from one of the deprivations: education, information, leisure, access to water, sanitation or housing. Calamitous. It is a huge contingent that will probably be out of the formal market for a long time and will compromise the productivity of the Brazilian labor force in the medium term.
The following information is from Gilberto Alvarez, Executive Director of Poli’s Cursillo:
“According to the National Survey by Continuous Household Sample (PNAD) published by IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in 2017, the country had 11.16 million people aged 15 to 29 years (20%), who did not study or work, 619,000 more than in 2016. This contingent represented 23% of the population of this age group in 2017. This proportion was lower in the previous year (21.8%). Young people who do not find space in the job market, do not show interest in looking for a job and do not want to continue studying. An alarming fact, revealing the size of the time bomb that threatens Brazil’s future. ”
That is, it is a desolate scenario for those who can not find an outlet to their economic condition, which creates risk and social vulnerability. For this excluded generation, the school, as presented today, offers no attractions. But if education is lacking, these young people will only have access to precarious work.
This group without work and without schooling lives with their parents (family, sometimes, completely unstructured) and ends up having as a reference someone who did not continue their studies nor realize the importance of knowledge for themselves and for the community.
The real truth is that we are going through a stormy period in which everyone gives opinions and guesses, but nobody gives the solution. From here we start to twist, risking Olympic outings when the country is a world in disenchantment, where there is hopelessness, more motivated by a number of negative factors, starting with the lack of desirable school and quality, by the pessimistic news, by the gang installed in politics, by violence, by lack of opportunities, and so on.
It is necessary to awaken in the young person the desire to learn, to participate in society and to exercise their role of citizens, above all to make democracy advance and reduce social inequality. The millions of today’s “don’t- don’t” or the “no-no” will certainly be the unmotivated and unprepared professionals – “dis-dis” – of tomorrow.
The school is still – and there is the example of countries that have “turned the table” even in their economies – one of the social actors essential to empower their young. But it needs to not only be attuned to the changes that the new millennium imposes on all of us. There are structural challenges, there are challenges of socio-economic conditions of the young people’s origin and also the pedagogical changes that affect the school itself. If you want more reason and justification that the schools of yesterday and today have failed just look around. It is only having eyes to see and not just to visualize.