The plenary approved the nomination of diplomat Patricia Maria Oliveira Lima for the position of ambassador to Brazil in Sudan, by 52 votes in favor and one vote against. The approval of the nomination, reported by Senator Ana Amelia, will be communicated to the Presidency of the Republic.
Among the functions performed by Patricia Maria Oliveira Lima are the head of the International Office of the Office of the Comptroller General of the Union (CGU) of the Presidency of the Republic (2003/06); adviser to the Human Rights Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MRE) in 2006/07; MRE Department of Foreign Affairs Coordinator (2007/09); counselor at the embassy in Lima (2009/11); technical adviser to the MRE Africa Department (2011/14); and counselor and minister at the Kuwait embassy (2014/17). From 2018, the diplomat is in the Operational and Administrative Assistance Group of the MRE.
The republic of Sudan occupies territory with a dimension equivalent to the area of the states of Amazonas and Tocantins summed up. It is the third largest country in Africa, even after having lost 25% of its territorial area with the secession of South Sudan in 2011. On this surface live approximately 37 million inhabitants. By 2017, its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was $119 billion, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which provides a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of $3,186.
Sudan is a presidential republic, with 97% of the population of Islamic religion and whose capital is based in the city of Khartoum, where about 5 million inhabitants live. Although Brazil and Sudan established diplomatic relations in 1968, they have become more dynamic in this century. The long civil conflicts between the north and the south of the country (1955-1972 and 1983-2005) constituted an obstacle to the deepening of bilateral relations.
The end of the conflict, in 2005, contributes to the movement of rapprochement between the two countries. In 2004, Sudan opened the embassy residing in Brasilia, the first of that country in South America. In return for the Sudanese gesture, Brazil established an embassy in Khartoum in 2006.