President-elect campaign pledge, Jair Bolsonaro, the transfer of the Brazilian embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem cannot be carried out because of an international law incorporated in Brazil. The legal provision preventing this change is the United Nations Security Council resolution 478, adopted in 1980.
This resolution declares void the Basic Law which recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and calls on the UN Security Council member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from the city. Currently, only the United States and Guatemala have an embassy in Jerusalem. Paraguay had transferred the embassy but had backed down in its decision, which angered the Israeli government.
Russia has declared Jerusalem as Israeli capital, but will not transfer the embassy because it considers East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced last Saturday (15) that the transfer of the embassy depends on a commitment to peace and settlement in two states.
The government of Michel Temer (MDB) voted in favor of the resolution that requires all countries to follow the UN, following a decision by the United States to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, with 128 votes in favor, nine against and 35 abstentions. UN member states are forced to follow international regulations or may suffer reprisals.