Total beef exports (in natura and processed) beat the record set in 2014, of 1 million 560 tons handled, reaching a volume of 1 million and 639 thousand tons exported, according to the general balance sheet of 2018, informed the Brazilian Slaughterhouses Association. In terms of values, however, the US$ 6.5 billion revenue was below the US $ 7.2 billion obtained in 2014, the year that had better prices for the Brazilian product.
The entity released these figures based on data provided by the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade. According to the Association, by 2019 these volumes are expected to grow by at least 5%, with the return of purchases from Russia, which in 2017 had imported 150,000 tons in 2018 and restricted its purchases to 7,000 tons in 2018. In relation to 2017, when Brazil exported 1 million 485 thousand tons, the sales of 2018 grew by 10%, while revenue increased by 8%. In the last month of the year, sales were 153,069 tons with revenue of US$ 577 million, a 12% growth n volume and 3% in foreign exchange.
The increase in purchases by China compensated for the absence of the Russians: they were 150,000 tons more in 2018, with the country importing through the city of Hong Kong and the continent 43.8% of the Brazilian commercialization of the product against 38.2% in 2017. They were 717,492 tons against 567 thousand 638 tons in 2017. Egypt increased its purchases by 18%, ranking second among the importing countries, with 181,097 tons; third came Chile, with growth of 77% in its movement that reached 114,944 tons. In addition to Russia, Iran and the United States dropped significantly by 40% and 16%, respectively. Among the top 20 destinations, Uruguay was the most outstanding percentage, with growth of 202%:
Sao Paulo was the state that moved Brazilian beef the most for destinations abroad, with 399,543 tons (24.4%); in second place was Mato Grosso, with 301,538 tons (18.4%); in the third position is Goias, with 236,187 tons (14.4%). Rondonia was in the fourth position, with 167,000 and 578 tons; Mato Grosso do Sul in fifth, with 153,568 tons and Minas Gerais in sixth with 147,094 tons.