According to the company, linked to the Ministry of Agriculture, productivity will be 3% higher compared to the
Brazil is expected to harvest 237.3 million tons of grains in 15 different crops in the 2018/2019 harvest. According to estimates by the National Supply Company (Conab), the volume represents a growth of 9.5 million tons compared to the previous harvest (4.2% more in proportional terms).
According to the company, linked to the Ministry of Agriculture, productivity will be 3% higher compared to the 2017/2018 harvest. The growth of the grain harvest occurs with an increase of 1.2% of the planted area (62.5 million hectares in total).
Half of the estimated volume of grain production is from soybean planting (118.8 million tons) and 38.4% from harvested maize harvested in two harvests per year.
Soybean production is 0.4% lower than 2017/2018 (1.7% higher area). According to Cleverton Santana, Superintendent of Agribusiness Information at Conab, the crop was hampered by the lack of rain in mid-December in Paraná and in Mato Grosso do Sul, when the crop was in flowering and fruiting.
“The climatic conditions do not lead us to believe that we will have record soybean productivity,“ says Santana. According to him, no abnormality is expected in January. Other areas of extensive soy production will have a good harvest, such as Mato Grosso and the so-called “Matopiba“, an acronym created with the initials of the states of Maranhao, Tocantins, Piauí, and Bahia.
Corn production is expected to be 12.9% higher. The peanut will be 10% high. Rice and beans will fall more than 7%, because of the reduction of planted area. Conab also highlights the growth of the cotton crop: production of 20.3% higher. Most of the cotton should be used to make fabrics in domestic and foreign markets.
Wheat planted in the south of the country also had production gains: 27.3% more (total 5.4 million tons), and other “winter crops“ such as oats, canola, rye, barley, and triticale.
Conab has been monitoring agricultural crops for 40 years. Estimates are made on the basis of statistical calculations, monitoring of production costs and the technological package used in crops, satellite images (vegetation indices) and field research with producers.