The House of Representatives on Tuesday approved a bill to formalize UN resolutions to freeze assets of people or entities considered terrorists by the organization in a timid victory of the government in the first voting session of the year.
Criticized by the opposition, the bill provides for compliance with sanctions of UN Security Council resolutions as the unavailability of assets of individuals and entities, but concessions were necessary to be approved.
In a busy session, in which newly elected deputies – many of them for their first term – were still accustomed to the rules of operation of the House, the government leader, Major Vitor Hugo, had his first test of articulation.
The leader, who had an embarrassing start when convening a meeting of the base that had a low rate last week, had as main interlocutors on Tuesday, in the corner of the plenary from where he fired calls and sewed the vote, the rapporteur of the proposal, Deputy Efraim Filho, and the deputy Joice Hasselmann.
To close the deal with the opposition, rapporteur and government leader agreed to remove from the text provisions dealing with the national designation of persons investigated or accused of terrorism, their financing or correlated acts.
In the negotiation to vote the measure, a section was withdrawn that determined that the unavailability of assets would be defined at the request of a Brazilian authority in case the person or entity is the subject of a national designation, leaving that prerogative to Security Council resolutions or the foreign authority, provided that it meets criteria defined by the UN council.
An article was also deleted, stating that the national designation could be deliberated by the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for communication to other countries, without the need for a prior judicial order, by indicating assets subject to unavailability due to terrorism, its financing or related acts.
The opposition, which forced the withdrawal of the devices, feared that the bill could criminalize social movements, such as the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST).
Before the vote, PCdoB leader Orlando Silva (SP) expressed concern about the two devices that were later removed from the text.
“If the rapporteur has the deletion of this paragraph, it does not compromise at all the interest to comply with the rules of the United Nations and eliminates any hypothesis of sanction that impacts on the social movements,” he argued.
The arguments that accompany the original text sent by the government of former President Michel Temer to Congress cite the need for the country to incorporate international rules.
“Brazil, in ratifying the Charter of the United Nations, has agreed and submitted to the guidelines established with the objective of maintaining international peace and security, as well as the obligation to execute decisions emanating from the Security Council. In that sense, the decisions of the United Nations Security Council should be understood as a peremptory norm of General International Law, “says the text.
The vote on the proposal came to be the subject of a statement by the current Minister of Justice, Sergio Moro, during the transition period. In late November 2018, Moro appealed to Congress.