Gabriel Mario Rodrigues – Chairman of the Board of Directors of ABMES
“In thirty years, the big university campuses will be relics. Universities will not survive. It’s about as important a change as the introduction of the printed book “(Peter Drucker)
In the post-all world, Peter Drucker, an educator and “father” of modern administration, was warning of the post-education era that had begun to be outlined for some time, putting in check the educational and institutional model that has been maintained almost unchanged in the last 200 years.
I have said with some insistence in my articles that our young people are studying for business that will no longer exist in the coming years. I received recently, from WhatsApp, an X-ray of the news and the speed with which they run over the old structures. I synthesize the content: Spotify broke the record companies; Netflix, the rental companies; Google, Listel, the Yellow Pages and the encyclopedias; the OLX, the classified; the smartphone, the photographic revelations.
Other news has complicated the lives of many people: Booking: tourism agencies; Airbnb: hotels; WhatsApp: telephone operators; social media: the communication agencies; Uber: taxi drivers; Tesla: automakers; YouTube: TVs; Tinder:ballads and “similar”. These are just a few of the many examples of innovations that unveil a “brave new world” and compel those who do not want to miss the “subway” of history (streetcar is too old!) To reinvent itself every day.
And it could not be different with education. It is urgent that young people be trained to innovate, to think differently and to perform tasks with efficiency and autonomy. It is necessary, however, to place them as protagonists, as agents responsible for their future and the environment where they live, being able to use technology to their advantage, whose role is to open the possibilities and to make exponential any innovation that people promote.
And what about schools in this scenario? It either they reinvent themselves or they will perish.
Junior Borneli, founder of StartSe, a promoter of the EdTech Conference, held annually in São Paulo/SP, is exhaustive regarding, for example, the end of teachers: “Yes. And no. The advancement of technology and new forms of teaching will decree the end of teachers as we know them, but it will open space for a new era: that of “mentor teachers.” This year, StartSe received the Most Innovative Company Award in Education, granted by the Ayrton Senna Institute and the Lide.
This is because the model of passive teaching, present in almost every school, has its days counted. The replication model, created during the Industrial Revolution, which forms people on the production line to work in factories, no longer fits.
In a lecture on “Active Learning Methodologies”, Prof. Dacio Guimarães de Moura asks at the outset if everyone agrees that we no longer want to form “passive students”, how to train active students and what is gained in making this change.
More important, however, is whether the teacher himself will not oppose the idea and whether there will be acceptance in the educational system, since it is a paradigm shift.
In this new scenario, teachers will be as important as they are now, but their role will be to lead students through individual learning paths. 21st century education requires less teaching and more learning, which completely changes the way schools and universities think.
“Teaching by skills” is what connects the youth with what he has the best, is what sets him as the protagonist of his destiny, aided by technology. According to Jonathan Bergmann, teacher and creator of the teaching method flipped classroom, “traditional education is dead. We are living in the age when people want to solve world problems. In the age of creativity.”
Richard Florida, North American theorist of Urbanism, is the author of the theory of the creative class, formed by people who add economic value through their creativity, essential aspect in the contemporary economy. Creative class theory uses measures based on occupations and effective skills of individuals. According to him, the junction of 3 Ts – talent, technology and tolerance – is responsible for the flourishing of creative cities.
“Teaching by skills” has the power to awaken talent; technology (artificial intelligence, virtual reality and others) has the power to revolutionize education; and tolerance – accepting the other, diversity, being emphatic – is fundamental for the circulation of new ideas.
The scenarios are always futuristic, as if the present had no way and we only had the reveries of the future and force them to believe in the impossible that had become possible, that is, it is a painting by Miró, Salvador Dali or many others that made swallow down a desert of “non sense”!
If we are to truly enter the 21st century, we need to create a new education that responds to the challenges of the world we live in, which requires people to be able to continue learning through life and to put knowledge into action to solving problems that we do not yet know. It is necessary to create a school that, rather than transmit content, considers the student “entirely”, working to develop his/her cognitive skills (such as logical reasoning and critical thinking) and social-emotional skills (such as resilience and collaboration).
The professional of the 21st century must possess many characteristics, among them, entrepreneurship, resilience, proactivity, energizing leadership, perception, communication, persuasion, assertiveness, creativity, culture, humanism – qualities that have been demanded by the companies that seek, super-men, people capable of recognizing their potentials and limitations and, from there, in a balanced and structured way, to seek self-development. There are huge opportunities and challenges to overcome, but education needs to evolve into a format where everyone has the opportunity to find their best versions and leverage their skills.
This is undoubtedly the mission of HEIs: to deliver creative, collaborative, critical, resilient and happy people to the market – but especially to the world.
The future of the university was the subject of much discussion in the United States in 1997 when Peter Drucker, an Austrian educator and researcher, who coined the tomb epigraph that opens this article to be engraved on the headstone of education if the school finds no partners in society and demonstrate that you can be creative, collaborative, resilient and tolerant. His vision was very optimistic because reality shows that for the university buildings to disappear will require another thirty years.
If you look around, you will realize that we have changed the way we communicate, travel, watch movies, listen to music, and read news and books. All sectors have changed, but education has not changed. We continue with the same model of 200 years ago.