In at least 45 Brazilian cities, including 17 capitals, protests mark today (8) International Women’s Day. Acts of the World March of Women advocate an end to violence , respect for civil rights and reproductive and sexual rights.
Immigrants and refugees, women with disabilities, the issue of political representation, and respect for LGBTQIA + public rights are among the flags of the demonstrations that will take place throughout the day. Councilwoman Marielle Franco (PSOL-RJ), whose murder will complete a year without solution on the 14th, will be honored.
Most of the agenda that motivates the mobilization in Brazil coincides with the struggles that take women from other countries to the streets on this date.
In the Brazilian case, the movement also challenges the pension reform. The struggle for democracy, the rights of indigenous peoples and a non-sexist education, principles defended at the end of last month by the then representative of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women ), Nadine Gasman, pillars of gender equality .
Recent reports, produced by different sources, show that although the march flags are identical from one year to the next, it is necessary to keep the issues under discussion. According to condensed surveys on the Violence Against Women in Data website, by Patricia Galvão Institute , every minute nine women were victims of aggression in 2018.
According to information from the second edition of the study Visible and Invisible – The Victimization of Women in Brazil and the 12th Brazilian Yearbook of Public Security , in 2017, every nine minutes, a woman suffered rape. In addition, 606 cases of willful bodily injury – when committed intentionally – fall within the scope of the Maria da Penha Law (Law 11,340 / 2006).
The high number of rapes involves another crime multiplied in Brazilian society: sexual harassment. According to 2015 data from the NGO Think Olga, Brazilians are sexually harassed, for the first time, at 9.7 years of age, on average.
In 2013, the Society’s Perception survey on Violence and Murders of Women, developed by the Popular Data Institute Patrícia Galvão, revealed that almost half of the men (43%) believed that physical assaults against a woman result from her provocations to the offender. The proportion was lower among women: 27%.
From January 2014 to October 2015, according to the NGO Think Olga, searches for words such as “feminism” and “female empowerment” grew 86.7% and 354.5%, respectively.
The aspiration for economic justice also ensures the adherence of many women to the marches. According to a document released yesterday (7) by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the difference is present in the paychecks. The organization pointed out that women earn, on average, a salary 20% lower than that of men.
The World Bank has estimated that gender inequality extended to the professional environment costs the world $ 160 trillion. The amount is related to the significant female participation in the labor market, since women represent at least 40% of the labor force in 80 countries, according to the Pew Research Center.