Profa. Maria Carmen Tavares Christóvão, Director of Pro Innovare
In the last two years, it is possible to identify a great interest on the part of the universities in expanding cooperation with the market, especially after the legal framework of science, technology and innovation that changes important rules that favor the emergence of an integrated structure to foment the environment of innovation making it more dynamic in the country.
When analyzing the practices of the university segment and what several universities are building in this field, it is interesting to note that there are two aspects that should be considered in this process: the analysis of what are the incentives for companies that work in cooperation with universities and with R & D (Research and Development) in organizations, because knowing these interests is a greater probability of partnership and the second aspect is to choose an institutional business model for interaction that covers a wide range of business opportunities with the goal of creating innovations for the Marketplace.
The scenario is quite complex, which is not built with occasional visits to other universities, inside or outside the country, where most of the methodological innovations are the big showcase. Improving the quality of services offered is also one of the ways of innovation, but not the only one.
There is a wide range of internal and external determinants that includes absorptive capacity to produce and transfer knowledge on the part of universities, technological opportunities, barriers to the practical application of R & D results in organizations, as well as support and incentives for partnerships and cooperation in services. These are some of the many factors that limit cooperation strategies. However, working in a network has a preponderant role for innovation and for national economic development. Adding to the complexity of knowledge-based processes and the speed of information that are the driving force for innovation, we are faced with determining factors for universities and companies to approach.
The new legal framework of science, technology and innovation introduced by Decree No. 9.283 / 2018, which regulates Law 13.243 / 2016, based on Law 10,973 / 2004 and Constitutional Amendment No. 85/2015 creates a more favorable environment for Companies private institutions, Universities, Science and Technology Institutes (public and private), Direct Public Administration Agencies, Development Agencies and Autonomous Social Services can work in partnership.
Despite the legal incentive to clarify the understanding of the different models of cooperation for innovation, few institutions have focused on the analysis of the determinants of joint innovation strategies, with the clarity of divergence of motivation.
Although different models of cooperation strategies for innovation, that carried out with universities and R & D institutions, have a significant emphasis among other models, since such partnerships can create benefits not only for the parties involved, but also for society.
There is a significant problem of university management to deal with the current context of intersectoral cooperation, to design, evaluate and carry out innovation projects. They are theoretical, cultural, methodological and practical issues. Above all, it is a process of organizational and managerial vision related to the management and legitimacy of innovative actions. But, the best option is to start researching on the topic.