The Minister of Science, Technology, and Communication, Marcos Pontes, confirmed the agreement on technological safeguards (AST) will be signed on Monday (18) between Brazil and the United States. The measure allows the US to use the Alcantara Base, in Maranhao, commercially. The information is from “O Estado de S.Paulo” newspaper.
Pontes affirms that Brazilian sovereignty will not be affected by the signing of the agreement. “This agreement is made in technical terms and has no influence or provocation on our sovereignty, on the contrary, we will gain a lot from that,” said Pontes.
The agreement is considered the strategic announcement to be made in the visit of Bolsonaro to the US, although the subject has been negotiated by the two countries since the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso. The government Michel Temer tried to issue a new text, but it did not prosper. In addition to points that were still open, the negotiations went into waiting for the result of the election.
To reach a consensus, the two countries have changed sensitive sections and also have adjusted ambiguous terms. Countries agreed to reformulate, for example, the section that determined the existence of a “segregated area.” The classification, according to Brazilians, meant that Brazil would be segregating part of the territory to the Americans and losing sovereignty. The term that is now being used is “controlled or restricted area”.
The agreement aims to protect the technologies used in space. Today, 80% of the space market uses elements of American technology and, without an agreement with the US, cooperation with other countries and private companies is hampered. With it, Brazil hopes to attract investment to the region.