Gabriel Mario Rodrigues – Chairman of the Board of Directors of ABMES
“Brazil has had impressive evolution in the 2000s, one of the fastest changes in the educational system when it comes to quality learning … but over time this progress has stagnated, since 2006/2009, we have seen small changes in the quality of learning. teaching “(Andreas Schleicher, Director of Education of the OECD and responsible for Pisa)
When we analyze Andreas Schleicher’s speech, the epigraph of this article, we see that the danger may be exactly what we have seen as the adoption of new pedagogical proposals, the uncertainty of the directions of government powers, the implementation of new non-sedentary technologies, innovations that again they have nothing, and so on.
Nobody can take the certainties found by vigorous research, especially those of an educational nature, when it comes to making a good reading of the result presented by the education director of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and coordinator of the International Program of Evaluation of Students (Pisa, in acronym in English).
It explains the major social, economic, political and technological issues facing schools and highlights other global challenges. It is agree or agree. In this there is a great chasm between facts and solutions. As in our case, with a number of problems and issues, they bother us a lot and put us helpless and helpless. I refer to the financing of the school, almost total absence of means to equip laboratories, libraries, spaces of culture, etc. etc. Year comes in year out and everything looks the same, if not worse.
Recently, on the G1 website, BBC has published “Education: 10 trends that are changing teaching around the world,” pinpointing the industry with some high-profile provocative questions: What is the role the internet should play in education ? What values should schools teach? And how to make what is taught useful and relevant to a changing job market?
How do students get opinions that differ from yours? What are the new trends in education and how are they going to affect education systems around the world?
From annoyance to annoyance we are struggling. It is only to see the consequences of what we have there and there are those who insist, the sectarians and intransigentes as well as those who insist on revolutionizing.
The reading of what Paulo Saldaña wrote in Folha de S.Paulo of 12/03 (Only five states must put half of the children in daycare until 2024, says study) leads us to reflections, but also to desistencias: “Only 5 of the 27 units of the federation will be able to put at least half of the children up to three years old in day-care centers until 2024, according to a report produced by the Ayrton Senna Institute. ” He says, “guaranteeing childcare vacancies for at least 50% of children is one of the goals of the PNE (National Education Plan) approved by the National Congress in 2014. The document stipulates objectives for education to be achieved by the country in ten years .”
It is worth to access the two links below:
Queue for day care center in São Paulo is the smallest in the historical series
Vacancies for babies are bigger bottleneck in queue for vacancy in day care in São Paulo
Going back to Andreas Schleicher, to which I dedicated myself, I summarize some of his positions (Source: Education: 10 trends that are changing teaching around the world)
1. Gap between rich and poor versus social mobility
The gap between the rich and the poor is widening and this widens the groups with extreme privileges, as well as those suffering from enormous privations.
This inequality is reflected in schools. How can we balance this economic inequality with the school’s mission of offering fair access to opportunities?
Here is a solution to be given, but that reality hinders.
2. Increase in consumption in Asia
Wealth may not be equitably distributed, but it is increasing, especially in Asia. The global middle class is growing, and 90% of its new members will be in China and India.
How will the global economy change when the world’s most educated populations come from Asia rather than from North America and Europe?
I risk a guess: no, remembering that if today we are 7 billion tomorrow, exponentially we will be 8 billion and education does not walk with the same speed. Education is the first gear of an analog clock, and all the others work at ever-increasing speed until they move their hands.
3. Growth of immigration
There are many more people immigrating, and Asia has taken the place of Europe as the most popular destination for immigrants. This mobility brings together the cultural diversity, energy and ambition of the newcomers, but also creates many challenges.
Undoubtedly, but it is important to stress that there are no professionals prepared for this new modus vivendi, other than we are not and we are not in Asia.
The pressure to find funding will be a big issue for education systems. Schools should make long-term decisions about how to spend their budget, especially with increasing demands and expectations.
Individuals should also understand the risks of sudden economic crises and recessions, especially at times of personal debt growth.
The reality seems to show another situation when soon the “gratuity” in the public university will cease because it is unsustainable by the public power.
5. Opening vs. Isolation
Digital technology can connect more people than ever before, building bridges between countries and cultures. At least in theory, technology can also make the world more volatile and uncertain.
Understanding how to integrate the Internet and other technologies is a challenge for schools.
There is no doubt that technology has an absolutist and elite character.
How will schools and universities promote greater openness to different ideas?
If caste societies once again arise, each overlapping pizza will have its own ideas. The selective algorithms already point to the differences.
6. First-class humans or second-rate robots?
Already several warnings have been made about the threat of artificial intelligence for today’s jobs. But education systems need to equip young people with tools so they can adapt and modernize in a changing job market.
At this point I have a viable possibility: the triple propeller, without which everything will be impossible.
7. Lifelong lessons
Life expectancy is increasing, and a less predictable job market means that more and more adults will have to retrain themselves professionally.
More attention will need to be paid to long-term learning so that adults are prepared to change jobs and retire for longer.
Since 1970, the average number of years of retirement in OECD countries has increased from 13 to 20 years.
It is a problem often overlooked, but it will be increasingly important that a person’s skills match the requirements of the available jobs.
If and when there are jobs, that is not the case in the country. We go from 13 to 20 million unemployed very briefly.
8. Connected or disconnected?
The internet is an integral part of the lives of young people. In some countries, the amount of time 15-year-olds spend online has doubled in three years. Many teenagers say they feel bad if they get disconnected.
This is a reality that we do not want to accept, instead, refuse as the bastions of backwardness.
But education still has to accept the permanent presence of the internet. What role should it play in education? How to reduce its negative effects, such as cyberbullying and loss of privacy?
Answer: facing, face to face.
9. Teaching of values
Everyone expects school to teach values. But in an increasingly polarized world, who decides which ones should be taught?
The digital world has made it possible for more people to express their opinions, but this does not guarantee that they can access reliable, balanced information or are willing to listen to others.
Should schools be politically neutral or promote specific ideas or ways of thinking? And what kind of civic virtues are required by modern democracies?
10. Themes that are irrelevant to many
The UN says there are about 260 million children who miss out on school. For them, these topics will be irrelevant because they do not even have access to a school or are in schools with such a low educational level that they leave without having the most basic knowledge of writing and mathematics.
And there are not a few, millions for whom time has passed and will carry illiteracy forever, the most absurd and undesirable because it leads to a chaotic society.