The Constitutional and Justice and Citizenship Committee (CCJ) of the Chamber of Deputies begins to analyze the Proposal for Amendment to the Constitution (PEC) of the Social Security reform (PEC 6/19) on Tuesday (26), hearing the minister of Economics, Paulo Guedes. On Thursday (28), the members of the collegiate will debate the text with lawyers.
Among the guests are the special assistant secretary of Social Security and Labor, Bruno Bianco Leal, prosecutor Elida Graziane Pinto of the Public Prosecution Office of Sao Paulo, and lawyer Cezar Britto, former president of the Brazilian Bar Association (OAB).
It is also expected to announce the name of the rapporteur for the reform of Civilian Workers’ Welfare by the president of CCJ, Felipe Francischini (PSL-PR).
The rapporteur’s statement was scheduled for Thursday, but was postponed at the request of party leaders seeking clarification from the government on the pension reform of the military and the restructuring of the Armed Forces career.
The military bill was presented personally by President Jair Bolsonaro to the National Congress on Wednesday (20). At the time, Bolsonaro asked the parliamentarians for speed in the reform of the pensions of the military and the general system.
“After a meeting with party leaders, it was agreed that the rapporteur will not be appointed until the government, through the Ministry of Economy, has clarified the reform and restructuring of the military,” he said in a statement. PSL, Bolsonaro party.
The leader of the PSL in the House of Representatives, Delegate Waldir (GO), said that the project of the military does not bring “the expected equality” between the military and other careers.
“The forecast was to save almost R $100 billion with the military and saved R $ 10 billion, 10% of what the federal government intended,” said the deputy. “We want to know what the government wants in the pension reform.”
Bolsonaro reiterated last week that pension reform is fundamental for the country. According to the president, if the reform is not approved, in 2021 or 2022, “Brazil will stop”.
The mayor, Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), this weekend, reaffirmed the commitment to articulate the vote on the reform proposed by the government. According to Maia, it is necessary to maintain the dialogue between the Executive and the Legislative to facilitate the approval of the Pension reform in Congress.
For Maia, the participation of Bolsonaro in the articulation of the allies is fundamental for the progress of the procedure of the texts in the House. “The president is a key player. He’s in charge. The basis is the government, not the mayor, “said Maia.
The initial expectation of the CCJ president was to vote on the PEC admissibility opinion of the Welfare reform in early April. Initial stage of processing of the PEC is in the CCJ.
A proposal is then considered by a special committee set up to discuss the topic. The college has 40 sessions to discuss the merits of the proposal. Because it is a PEC, the text needs to be approved in two rounds by 308 deputies before moving on to the Senate.
The Senate’s Economic Affairs (CAE) and Human Rights Commission (HRC) will meet jointly on Wednesday to hear the Minister of Economy. Besides the pension reform, the indebtedness of the Brazilian states and the passages of the Kandir Law will also be in the focus of the senators.
According to the request of Senator Eliziane Gama (PPS-MA), the 1996 legislation exempts from the payment of the Tax on Circulation of Goods and Services (ICMS), exports of primary and semi-finished products or services. The ICMS is charged by the states and the Federal District.
The same rule also determines compensation to the states and municipalities harmed by the loss of revenue.
As compensation has not been regulated, transfers under the Kandir Act are negotiated annually with the Executive before the vote on the Union Budget. However, transfers are considered insufficient by governors and other representatives of exporting states.
The Kandir Law guaranteed the states the transfer of amounts as compensation for the losses arising from the exemption of ICMS, but Complementary Law 115 of 2002 – one of those that altered that legislation -, while retaining the right of transfer, ceased to fix the value.