A survey released today, May 8th, by the National Confederation of Industry (CNI) shows that 59% of respondents recognize that it is necessary to reform Social Security, and that 72% agree that a minimum age for retirement should be established.
Although the majority of respondents agree with the adoption of a minimum age, the proportion of those who defend retirement at very low ages is large. For 80% of people heard, retirement should occur at 60 years or less. Those who believe that retirement should occur after age 61 is 19%.
The Portraits of the Brazilian Society – Pension Reform research shows that although more than half of the interviewees recognize that it is necessary to change the rules of Social Security, Brazilians are not well informed about the current reform proposal.
According to the survey, only 36% said they had broad knowledge or know the main points of the text, which is under discussion in the National Congress. Among those who say they know the current proposal, 51% are against, and 39% are in favor of the proposal.
The survey also shows that 63% of men are more favorable to retirement pensions, while the percentage among women is 54%. Among those with a family income above five minimum wages, 73% believe that changes in social security rules are necessary. Among those who earn up to a minimum wage, 51% believe that the system needs to change.
For 33% of respondents, welfare rules should change only to those who do not yet contribute to the system, and 26% agree that the system should change for those who already contribute but have not yet retired.
The data show that 77% believe that it is the duty of society to guarantee a minimum wage for all low-income elderly people, including those who have never contributed to Welfare.
Asked if they would be willing to pay more taxes to maintain the current social security rules, 83% said no.
The research was done in partnership with Ibope Inteligencia. Two thousand people were heard in 126 municipalities between 12 and 15 April. The margin of error is 2 percentage points and the confidence level is 95%.