The unemployment rate rose statistically significantly in 14 of the 27 units of the federation, from the fourth quarter of 2018 to the first quarter of this year.
In the state of São Paulo, there was a rise of 12.4% in the fourth quarter of 2018 to 13.5% in the first quarter of this year, according to data from the Continuous National Survey (PNAD) released on Thursday (16) by IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). In the first quarter of 2018, the unemployment rate in São Paulo was at 14%.
The highest unemployment rates were recorded in Amapá (20.2%), Bahia (18.3%) and Acre (18%).
In Rio, the unemployment rate stood at 15.3% and in Minas Gerais, at 11.2%. The lowest rates were observed in Santa Catarina (7.2%), Rio Grande do Sul (8,%) and Paraná and Rondônia (both with 8.9%).
The unemployment rate in the country in the first quarter of 2019 was 12.7%, compared to 13.1% in the first quarter of 2018, as the IBGE had already disclosed at the end of April.
In the fourth quarter of last year, the unemployment rate was 11.6%.
There are 13,387 million Brazilians unemployed in the first quarter and a quarter of them are two years or more in search of work.
Of the total number of unemployed in the first quarter, 24 8%, or 3.319 million people, have been in this condition for two years or more.
Another 6,074 million workers are unemployed from one month to less than a year, equivalent to 45.4% of the total unemployed, while 2,108 million (15.7%) are seeking work less than a month ago and 1,886 million (14, 1% of the total) do it from one year to less than two years.
The rate of underemployment (those who are unemployed, who work less than they could and who were available to work but were unable to seek employment) in the first quarter was the largest of the last in the historical series (started in 2012) in 13 of the 27 federations.
The highest rates were observed in Piauí (41.6%), Maranhão (41.1%), Acre (35%), Paraíba (34.3%), Ceará (31.9%) and Amazonas 2%). The average under-use rate in the country was 25%, also the highest in the historical series.
The largest contingents of discouraged (those who gave up looking for work) in the first quarter of this year were registered in Bahia (768 thousand people) and in Maranhão (561 thousand). The minors were observed in Roraima (8 thousand) and Amapá (15 thousand).
The highest percentage of workers with a formal contract was in Santa Catarina (88.1%), Rio Grande do Sul (83.2%) and Rio de Janeiro (81.8%), and the lowest in Maranhão (50.3% %), Piauí (52.5%) and Pará (53.0%).
The highest proportions of workers without a portfolio were observed in Maranhão (49.5%), Piauí (47.8%) and Pará (46.4%), and the lowest in Santa Catarina (13.2%) in Rio Grande do Sul (18.0%) and Rio de Janeiro (18.4%).
Regarding the time of job search in Brazil, 45.4% of the unemployed were from one month to less than one year in search of work; 24.8% two years ago or more, 15.7% less than a month ago and 14.1% from one year to less than two years.