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Robots and Trends About the Future of Work


Gabriel Mario Rodrigues – Chairman of the Board of Directors of ABMES

“We live in a time of revolutionary change. You can live anywhere in the world, or do anything, but if you are on planet earth, you will be witnessing a global revolution. We are exposed to absolutely unprecedented forces. Human relations have always been turbulent, but the changes have never been so rapid as today. Two forces drive these transformations: technological innovation and population growth.” Sir Ken Robinson, Ph.D

Veja magazine this week brings an interesting report about the robot realtor. The text stresses that soon, there will be no launches of buildings based on luxury sales booths, presentations of furnished apartments and the swarm of brokers looking to sell the dream of the apartment itself presented in beautiful videographic locations. Full-page ad strategies on TV, in magazines, on leaflets on the streets and, lately, on social networks, are on their way. All of this will change because companies will use artificial intelligence to eliminate the human intermediary from the transaction.

This coincides with the suggestion of Valdemar Ottani, executive secretary of the ABMES Board of Directors, to ask me to comment on IDG’s CIO 5 trends of the future of the work. They were based on analyzes conducted by the recruiting firm Robert Half, stressing that new information and communication technologies, automation and databases will change the world of work, resulting in new careers, more efficiency and productivity. In summary, the scenarios are as follows:

• Remote environments and productive home office;
• Knowledge transmitted by distance education;
• Self-management capacity;
• Stability via network of contacts;
• Work for a purpose.

But what is important in all this is that while the major countries are concerned with adjusting their educational systems, Brazil still thinks the way they did in Cabral’s time.

I am reading the 3rd edition of “We Are All Creative,” by Sir Ken Robinson (Ed. Benvira), in which there is information I had never thought of before. According to him, in the case of educational systems, all are equal, regardless of in which regime they are: communist, socialist, democratic, religious, center, right and left. All are rigidly structured with the imposition of a culture of standardized testing and various regulations, restricting the freedom of educators to decide what and how to teach. Virtually all systems have the same costume and the same hierarchy of disciplines, amount of compulsory or optional class hours, etc. It will be difficult to find a school system that teaches dance every day, the way it is done with mathematics.

Education is not and has never been an unbiased process of developing people’s natural abilities. On the contrary, they are destroying what is most fundamental these days, that is, the ability to overcome challenges through creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship.

Among other objectives, educational systems were created to meet the demands of industrialization and the labor market, begun two hundred years ago and always organized by academic intelligence. However great the criticism, humanity, with all the defects we know, has produced this world in which we live with its unquestionable achievements. Artificial intelligence is its creation and we can not complain.

The art of predicting the future about artificial intelligence is a matter of more or less imagination, which only time will confirm. The hardest thing is to write about Brazil, given the circumstances in which we live. What we do now is the biggest challenge we have, because government, businesses, schools, teachers, politicians, students and society would need to share the issues that afflict us and see the way forward. Speaking of challenges, the Ministry of Education (MEC) has extremely urgent measures to solve, many of which are expressed in the interview of the teacher and sociologist Maria Helena Guimarães, an experienced protagonist of educational issues in the public service, published in Sunday’s edition of the newspaper O Globo.

In our view, the implementation of the National Curricular Common Core (BNCC), which has been discussed by experts for more than four years, is essential and offers basic education that is more attentive to the students’ current needs. There are also immediate questions related to the National High School Examination (Enem) and the Basic Education Assessment System (Saeb), not forgetting the renegotiation of the Basic Education Maintenance and Development Fund (Fundeb).

To conclude this theme nothing better than Profa. Vanessa Evers, Professor of Computer Science at the University of Twente (The Netherlands), author of almost 200 scientific articles and editor of the International Journal of Social Robotics.

“Robots and intelligent systems can artificially offer us unique skills to support and improve decision making and to understand situations and ways of doing things. Robots can contribute or do our work autonomously. Perhaps robotics will fully integrate physically with our human bodies once a number of challenges are overcome. In addition, we will relate to artificial agents as we do humans, communicating through a natural language, observing their behavior and understanding their intentions. ”

She/he who lives will see. And, in the circumstances where the country is, it is better to face the challenges of the present in order to feed the pretensions of thinking about the future.

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Master of Arts in Political Science, California State University Northridge. Twenty five years experience in executive functions at Brazilian colleges and universities. Writer, lecturer. and consultant is, presently, educational editor for Brazil Monitor